Medicinal Plants at TLC Farm: a guide

This is an Index page, for the full guide turn to our Medicinal Plant Guide to the Pacific Northwest


The following medicinal plants all grow in the Pacific Northwest, and can be found (somewhere) on the TLC farm.


We’ve taken on the joyous task of compiling all-sorts of useful information about the more-than one hundred plant species in our kitchen and medicinal garden.

Below, find explanations of how to use each plant. Find plant photos and cautionary remarks. We also note which plants are native to the Pacific Northwestern region and which are not.

This resources has been complied by Kristy S. Viaches, with help from Bonsai Matt, The Internet and a number of farm volunteers, based on numerous sources.


Native / Non-Native makes general reference to the Pacific Northwest area. We’ve also noted plants that are native to eastern and central North America.

Spp. in scientific names means there are several species within the genus.

Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria) Non-Native
Akebia (Akebia quinata) Non-Native
Alder (red) (Alnus rubra) Non-Native
Alkanet (Anchusa officinalis) Non-Native
Angelica (Angelica spp.) Non-Native
Apple (Malus pumila) Non-Native
Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) Non-Native
Balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflora) Non-Native
Bamboo (Phyllostachys spp.) Non-Native
Bee balm (Monarda didyma) Native
Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa) - Eastern N. American Native
Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus) - Native & Non-Native
Blueberry (Vaccinum spp.) Native to Eastern N. America
Borage (Borago officinalis) Non-Native
Bugleweed (Lycopus virginicus ) Native
Burdock (Arctium lappa) Non-Native
Calendula (Calendula officinalis) Non-Native
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) Native
Catnip (Nepeta cataria) and Catmint (Nepeta faassenii) Non-Native
Celandine (Chelidonium majus) Non-Native
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita) Non-Native
Cherry: (Prunus spp.) Native and Non-Native
Chicory (Cichorium intybus) Non-Native
Chrysanthemum, Shungiku (Leucanthemum coronarium) Non-Native
Clary sage (Salvia sclarea) Non-Native
Cleavers (Capsella bursa-pastoris) Non-Native
Clover, red (Trifolium pratense) Non-Native
Clover, white (Trifolium repens) Non-Native
Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) Non-Native
Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) Non-Native
Cramp bark (Viburnum opulus) Native to Easter N. America
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Native
Dogwood (Cornus spp.) some varieties Native
Echinacea (Echinacea spp.) Central American Native
Elderberry (Sambucus spp.) Native & Non-Native
Elecampane (Inula helenium) Non-Native
Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) Non-Native
Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) Native
Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) Non-Native
Fig (Ficus spp.) Non-Native
Garlic (Allium sativum) Non-Native
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) Non-Native
Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis) Native
Hawthorne (Crataegus oxyacantha & C. monogyna) Non-Native
Honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.) Non-Native
Hops (Humulus lupulus) Non-Native
Huckleberry (Vaccinium spp.) Native
Indigo (Indigofera tinctoria) Non-Native
Japanese banana (Musa basjoo) Non-Native
Kinnikinnick (Uva Ursi) (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) Native
Lavender (Lavandula spp.) Non-Native
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) Non-Native
Lovage (Levisticum officinale) Non-Native
Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) Non-Native
Motherwort (Leonarus cardiaca) Non-Native
Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) Non-Native
Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) Non-Native
Oak, Garry (White) (Quercus garryana) Native
Olive (Olea europaea) Non-Native
Oregano (Origanum vulgare) Non-Native
Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) Native
Parsley (Petroselinium crispum) Non-Native
Pear, Asian (Pyrus spp.) Non-Native
Pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium) Non-Native
Plantain, common (Plantago major) and Ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata) Non-Native
Plum (Prunus domestica) Native
Poppy (Papaver rhoeas) Non-Native
Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) Native and Non-Native Varieties
Red currant (Ribes rubrum) some varieties are native
Rose, Japanese (Rosa rugosa) Non-Native
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Non-Native
Rue (Ruta graveolens) Non-Native
Sage, Garden (Salvia officinalis) and Purple (Salvia off. var. purpurascens) Non-Native
Sage, White (Salvia apiana) Native
Salal (Gaultheria shallon) Native
Scouring rush (Equisetum hyemale) Native
Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) Native
Skunk cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus) Native
Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum multiflorum) Native
Sphagnum moss (Sphagnum recurvum) Native
St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Native
Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) Non-Native
Strawberry (Fragaria spp.) Native & Non-Native
Sweet grass (Hierochloe odorata) Native
Thyme (Red) (Thymus spp.) Non-Native
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) Native to Eastern N. America
Turkey rhubarb (Rheum palmatum) Non-Native
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) Native & Non-Native
Vetch, American (Vicia americana) Native
Wax myrtle (Pacific) (Myrica spp.) Native
Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata) Native
Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum) Native
Wild ginger (Asarum canadense) Native
Willow (Salix spp.) some varieties Native
Winecap stropharia (Stropharia rugosar-annulata) Non-Native
Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens) Native
Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) Native to Eastern N. America
Wood Sorrel (Oxalis acetosella) Native
Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) Native to Eastern N. America
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) Non-Native
Yellow Dock (Rumex crispus) Non-Native
Yucca (Yucca filamentosa) Native

Bibliography - Medicinal Plant Photo Gallery

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